To move units, you first select the units to move and then dragging your finger on the screen to the location you want to move the units to. The cost of moving units depends on the terrain being moved into and the current Conditions. These values are Parameter Data and can be determined using the Parameter Data Dialog. In some scenarios, units may be assigned a fixed facing for the purpose of restricting fire.

Travel and Rail Modes

Travel and Rail Modes are special deployments used when units wish to take advantage of roads and railroad lines. To place a unit in Travel or Rail Mode, first select it and then tap either the Travel Mode button or use the Rail Mode option from the Command Menu. A unit is said to be Deployed when it is not in Travel or Rail Mode.

Travel Mode represents units in a column formation, and for towed artillery, being limbered. Roads have no effect on units that are not in Travel Mode. While in Travel Mode, units are less combat effective and are more vulnerable to enemy units. Towed artillery units must be in Travel or Rail Mode in order to move. A unit in Travel Mode has a white bar at the bottom of its counter in 2D graphics mode and has the letter T following its Movement value in the Hex Info Area .

Rail Mode represents units entrained for rail movement. Units in Rail Mode cannot fire or assault attack. A unit in Rail Mode is designated using the RR symbol on its counter and has the letter R following its Movement value. Units cannot change Rail Mode in a hex that is overstacked.

For most units there is no cost to change into Travel Mode, but 1/3 of their movement allowance is expended to change out of Travel Mode back into Deployed mode (except under the Optional Rule - Manual Defensive Fire.) Heavy towed artillery and Siege Guns expend their full Movement allowance to change to and from Travel Mode. Other Towed artillery expend 1/3 of their Movement allowance to change to and from Travel Mode.

For all units, it costs the full Movement allowance to convert to and from Rail Mode. Furthermore, units can only convert to Rail Mode if they are in a hex containing a valid rail line and their side must have a rail capacity (defined in Parameter Data). A unit in Travel or Rail Mode does not receive any defensive benefit from the terrain it occupies.

A unit must be in Travel or Rail Mode in order to use a bridge. Furthermore, some units must be in Travel or Rail Mode in order to enter certain types of terrain. For example, vehicles are normally prohibited from entering Marsh terrain and must do so traveling by Travel or Rail Mode. If a unit was moving through such terrain by road, it must also leave the terrain using the road as well.

A unit moving by road movement through terrain that it could not otherwise enter cannot leave Travel Mode while in such terrain. Towed guns are an exception and they can leave Travel Mode in such terrain, but have the same firing and defensive effects placed on them after doing so as if they were in Travel Mode to simulate their deployment in restricted terrain.

Night Rule

All units moving at night not by Travel Mode on roads or rail lines, or Rail Mode on rail lines can become Disrupted based on the probability given by the Night Movement Disruption Parameter Data Value. This probability is applied each hex the unit moves not by the stated restrictions. The disruption probability is modified by the Quality of the unit according to the following modifiers:

  • The probability for Quality A units is multiplied by 0.25.
  • The probability for Quality B units is multiplied by 0.50.
  • The probability for Quality D units is multiplied by 1.50.
  • The probability for Quality E units is multiplied by 2.00.
  • The probability for Quality F units is multiplied by 4.00.

Rail Units

Some units are classified as being Rail Units. Such units are required to be in Rail Mode to move and thus can only travel via rail lines. Rail Units do not count against the total rail capacity of their side when in Rail Mode.

Amphibious Units

Some units are classified as being Amphibious. Amphibious units in Travel Mode have the ability to cross Rivers and Canals at the cost of their entire Movement Allowance.

Quality Modifiers

The following modifiers apply to the movement allowance of units based on their Quality rating:

  • The movement allowance of vehicle Quality A units is increased by 20%.
  • The movement allowance of all Quality B units and non-vehicle Quality A units is increased by 10%.
  • The movement allowance of all Quality D units and non-vehicle Quality E units is decreased by 10%.
  • The movement allowance of vehicle Quality E units and non-vehicle Quality F units is decreased by 20%.
  • The movement allowance of vehicle Quality F units is decreased by 30%.


Rubble can be created in a Village, Town, City, or Industrial hex by the effects of Indirect Fire or Air Strikes against the hex. Rubble has no effect on combat in the hex but does triple movement costs through the hex and also negates the ability to use road movement through the hex.

Engineer units may attempt to clear the Rubble. Once cleared, Rubble still triples movement costs through the hex, but does allows road movement. Rubble that is not cleared is reported as "RUBBLE" in the Terrain Info Box while Rubble that is cleared is reported as "Rubble"


Obstacles can be placed on the map using the Scenario Editor, but cannot be created while the scenario is being played. Unpenetrated Obstacle hexes cost the full movement allowance of units to enter, but cause no casualties. Obstacles can be removed by mine-clearing units in the same way that minefields are removed. Obstacles do not block supply. Obstacles are considered Penetrated after any unit enters them and from that point on, their cost depends on the status of the entering unit:

  • It costs Deployed units an additional ¼ of their full movement allowance to enter Penetrated Obstacle hexes.
  • Units in Travel Mode have no additional cost to enter Penetrated Obstacle hexes, but cannot do so using Road Movement.


Congestion markers are placed on the map using the Scenario Editor. They cannot be removed or created by the players while the scenario is being played. Congestion markers may affect only one side in a scenario or they may affect both sides depending on the value of Congestion Side in the Parameter Data. When Congestion affects a given side, then it requires the full movement allowance of a unit from that side to enter a Congestion hex. Hexes with Congestion are also reported with the description "CONGESTION" in the Terrain Info Box.

A value that affects how long Congestion markers remain on the map is the Congestion Expiration value in the Parameter Data. If this value is 0, then Congestion markers are never removed from the map. Otherwise, for each turn that a unit of the Congestion Side is in the same hex as the Congestion marker, a number value relative to that marker is increased by one. When the number value reaches the Congestion Expiration value, then the Congestion marker is removed from the map. Congestion markers that affect both sides are never removed.


Minefields can be placed on the map using the Scenario Editor and can also be created by Engineers while the scenario is being played. Minefields come in three strength values of 1, 2, and 3. These strength values are shown as a red number on the counter on the map and are also displayed in the Terrain Info Box. The strength value determines the level of casualties caused when units enter the hex with minefields of strength 2 causing twice as many casualties as those of strength 1, and minefields of strength 3 causing three times as many casualties as those of strength 1. By default, a minefield blocks Supply through that hex. After a unit enters a minefield, it is considered Penetrated. A Penetrated minefield does not block Supply. Minefields can be removed by units which have the Mine Clear or Demolition attribute.

When a unit enters a minefield and suffers a minefield attack, it loses movement points equal to S / 3 of its allowance, where S is the strength of the minefield equal to 1, 2, or 3. Therefore, it costs a unit 1/3 of its movement allowance to enter a strength 1 minefield and so forth.

Rail Damage

Any Deployed unit that is not Broken, Digging-In, or building a bridge can damage the rail lines in the hex that it is occupying unless there are other units in the same hex that are in Rail Mode. To damage rail lines, select the unit to perform the damage and invoke the Damage Rail command from the Command Menu. It costs a unit 1/3 of its Movement allowance to damage rail lines.

Light, Medium, and Heavy Bridges

There are three types of hexside bridges: Light, Medium, and Heavy.

Light Bridges represent simple foot-bridges and can only be used by infantry. Light Bridges are also used to represent Railroad Bridges to reflect their poor ability to handle vehicular traffic.

Medium Bridges represent wooden bridges and can be used by infantry and non-armored vehicles.

Heavy Bridges represent metal bridges and can be used by all units.


Ferries can be used to cross river and canal hexsides. They are similar to bridges but with several important differences.

  • A Ferry can only be used to move a single un-Combined unit across a hexside per turn.
  • It costs the entire movement allowance of the unit to perform the movement and the unit must not have used any movement points prior to the move.
  • The unit moving using a Ferry cannot be Disrupted or Broken and must be in Travel Mode.

A Ferry can be destroyed by any Deployed unit, not Broken, Digging-In, or building a bridge, adjacent to the Ferry using 1/3 of its movement allowance. See the Command Menu of the Main Program for the command to do this.

By long pressing in the Terrain Info Box, you can see the current status of a Ferry. When the Ferry is designated in all upper-case, it is capable of carrying a single unit, but when it is written in normal case, it has carried a unit already in the current turn and cannot carry any additional units until the next turn.


Fords represent shallow places that allow movement by a unit in Travel Mode across otherwise impassible rivers. When a unit crosses at a Ford, they pay an additional movement cost determined by the Ford movement Parameter Value (Unless they are moving using a road that crosses at the Ford and thus are paying road movement costs). Since Fords allow movement, then Supply can be traced across a Ford. Fords are permanent to the map and cannot be created or destroyed during the course of a scenario. A unit assaulting across a Ford must be in Travel Mode.

Forced Bridge Movement

In general, most units cannot move from an enemy ZOC to another enemy ZOC unless the destination hex is already occupied by friendly units. As a special case, it is possible for certain units to cross a bridge under certain conditions at the cost of their total movement allowance for that turn. The units must be in Travel Mode (not Rail Mode), must not be Disrupted or Broken, and must not have moved that turn.

Full-Hex Ferries

A Full-Hex Ferry is one that spans a Water hex. It can be used for movement by units in Travel Mode, but requires the entire movement allowance of the unit to enter the hex containing the Ferry. The unit moves off the Ferry normally. Full-Hex Ferries cannot be damaged or destroyed, nor can they be built during a scenario.

Fixed Units

It is common in the game for certain units to begin the scenario Fixed. Depending on the game title and scenario, some units may become Fixed after the scenario starts. The purpose behind having Fixed units is to prevent unrealistic movement by those units at the start of the scenario or to force a player to halt movement as per historical conditions that could occur at night. Units that are assaulted or Spotted automatically become un-Fixed. In addition, depending on the scenario, certain organizations may have Releases assigned to them that will cause their units to become un-Fixed at a certain time in the scenario. Depending on the Release, if any unit in such an organization becomes Spotted, then the Release may be automatically triggered.

Immobile Units

Depending on the Order of Battle information, certain units may be given a speed of 0. This means they cannot move in the game. Typically, these units are artillery guns without available transportation and are found in static defenses. However, even though they cannot move and do not have a Movement Point allocation, these units can still fire. In place of the Movement Point allocation field, the Fire Ability of these guns is displayed.

Digging In

Units that are Deployed and that are not Disrupted or Broken can perform Digging-In. The hex must not already contain a Pillbox. Only non-bridge engineer units can construct a Bunker hex from a Trench hex. Units which are Digging-In fire at half value. On subsequent turns, based on a probability, there is the chance that the hex will either:

  • Lose the property of being Vacated, if it was Vacated.
  • Become an Improved Position, if it had no fortifications already.
  • Become a Trench hex, if it was already an Improved Position.
  • Become a Bunker hex, if the Bunker Prob Parameter Data Value is non-zero.

A unit cannot initiate Digging-In in the same turn that it has Fired or Moved. It is not possible perform Digging-In when Conditions are Frozen. It is not possible to construct Pillboxes nor is it possible to remove the Vacated property of these. Engineers have triple the probability of constructing Improved and Trench hexes.

Fortifications are shown on the map as larger counters or Icons that are a neutral color. In the Hex Info Area, the Fort type is written in text. When forts such as trenches are written as "TRENCH", in upper case, they are in the "normal" state. When such a fort has been vacated, they will be shown in lower case, and be of less protection to the defender.

The probability that a battalion unit will be successful in its Digging-In operation per turn is three times normal as is the case for combined companies with three or more units. Combined companies with two units have a two times normal probability of completing the Digging-In operation. Single companies and platoons have the normal probability.

Supply Units and Head-Quarter units cannot perform Digging-In.


Selecting Withdrawals under the Units Menu displays the Withdrawal Dialog so that any Withdrawals associated with the current scenario can be viewed. Withdrawals in the scenario will cause the specified units to be removed from the map at the specified time. This represents historical withdrawal of the units during the battle.

Combine and Breakdown

In the Panzer Campaign Game, the basic unit scale is Battalion. However, in certain instances, there may be scenarios where larger Battalions have been broken into Company-sized units. The Combine feature may be used to combine such smaller units into single units. This feature can only be used to combine units that are both:

  • Company or smaller units from the same Battalion, and
  • Units which have the same Component. (that is, they must be made up of a common unit type and thus all be Men, Guns or Vehicles).

To combine two or more company size units into a single unit, select all the units in the Hex Info Area and press the Combine/Breakdown button on the toolbar or select the Combine/Breakdown option from the Command Menu. Note: holding down the Alt key when selecting this option will cause all possible units in the current hex to be Combined regardless of which units you have selected.

When units combine, the combined unit will have the worst unit conditions of any of the individual units. The new combined unit will have the least number of movement points of the units that made it. Combining a Disrupted Unit with a non-Disrupted unit will result in one Disrupted unit with the highest Fatigue of either unit. Units that have combined or that start the game as a combination of two or more units will show three plus signs (+++) after the unit name as seen in the figure on the left.

When you right-click on the unit picture of a Combined unit, then the number of subunits making up the Combined unit is shown in square brackets after the name. For example in the figure on the left, it shows that the Combined unit consists of 3 subunits using the notation [3]. Units that can potentially combine with other units in their organization, but have not done so have the notation [1] following the unit name.

As a special case, when all subunits of an organization have combined into a single unit, then the name shown for the combined unit is the name of the organization instead of the name of the first combined unit.

Combined units may be broken down into their individual parts by selecting them and then selecting the Combine/Breakdown function. This causes a single individual unit from the Combined unit to be created. Additional individual units may be broken out by reselecting the Combine/Breakdown function.

Note: combining and breaking down units is considered to be a game function that facilitates game play by reducing the number of smaller units in play at any one time. As such, the action of combining or breaking down units does not require Movement Points and can be performed at any time by the controlling player.

Reinforcement and Stacking Limits

Except for amphibious reinforcements, when reinforcements are brought on the map, they are not subject to stacking limitations. In the case of amphibious reinforcements, stacking in the arrival hex is allowed to be twice what is normally allowed.

Reinforcement Protection Values

In most scenarios, reinforcements arrive on map-edge hexes. Without a special rule, it would be possible for the opposing player to block those reinforcements by occupying the reinforcement hex. To avoid this tactic, a reinforcement can be defined to have a Protection Value. This Protection Value causes all enemy units within that distance from the arrival hex to become automatically Broken and any enemy units in the arrival hex to be automatically eliminated, when the reinforcement arrives. Other reinforcements, such as Airborne Reinforcements, generally do not have a protection value and thus do not cause this effect. The specific Protection Value assigned to a given reinforcement is determined in the scenario by the designer and can vary from scenario to scenario as a result. In general, you should avoid moving within 5 hexes of a map-edge hex that the enemy will arrive on to avoid being affected by this feature.

Airborne Reinforcements

Airborne reinforcements are of two types, paradrop and glider. They arrive similarly to normal reinforcements using the Arrived Dialog of the Main Program. However, depending on the scenario, airborne reinforcements may be subject to random scatter which is determined at the time the reinforcement is brought on the map. In addition, airborne reinforcements are subject to losses when they are brought on depending on the terrain and the presence of enemy units.

  • Airborne reinforcements that land in Water or Impassible hexes are eliminated.
  • Airborne reinforcements that land in Marsh or Swamp hexes suffer up to 60% losses.
  • Glider reinforcements that land in Rough, Village, Town, City, Industrial, Orchard, Forest, Jungle, or Bocage hexes suffer up to 60% losses.
  • Airborne reinforcements that land in enemy hexes suffer 80% losses and are moved to an adjacent non-enemy if possible where they may suffer additional losses due to terrain in that hex.
  • Airborne reinforcements that do not suffer losses mentioned above will suffer up to 20% losses.

Airborne units that do not land in enemy hexes and thus suffer the 80% loss mentioned above, are also subject to these additional losses:

  • Airborne losses are increased by 10% times the distance the reinforcement scatters. For example, an airborne reinforcement landing 2 hexes from its intended location will suffer an additional 20% loss.
  • Airborne units that land in hexes containing Mine Fields suffer an additional 2% loss for each Mine Field factor (resulting in additional losses of 2%, 4%, or 6%).

These losses count towards the Victory Point calculation in the current scenario.

Partisan Units

Partisan units represent unconventional military forces with limited abilities. They are mainly used to harass enemy forces behind the main line, causing delay and confusion. Partisan units do not have a Zone-of-Control and except for the hex they occupy and possible Deception effects, do not interfere with the movement of enemy forces. They cannot be used to spot for indirect fire or air strikes. They are never considered Detached or suffer Low Ammo nor can they become Isolated.

Partisan units cannot be used to damage rail lines since the damage represented by hex rail damage in the game is extensive, requiring repairs beyond the scope of any one scenario. The limited damage achieved by Partisan units can easily be repaired and thus Partisan units in the game only block rail movement when they actually occupy the rail hex. Partisan units cause the same movement and bridge destruction disruption as Deception Units without having to be deployed or being subject to detection.

Infiltration Reinforcements

Infiltration reinforcements differ from normal reinforcements in that they always arrive in an empty hex, either in the hex they are determined to arrive in by placement or scatter, or if possible, in a hex adjacent to that. If no valid empty hex exists for a partisan reinforcement, then it cannot arrive that turn.


It is possible to put a unit with men (not vehicles or guns and not HQ units) into a Patrolling state. To do this requires the full movement allowance of the unit and the unit cannot be Broken. While Patrolling, the unit will negate the ability of any Partisan unit within Deception range of having any Deception effects. In addition, a Patrolling unit will be able to spot any enemy unit within 2 hexes, regardless of line-of-sight restrictions. While in a Patrolling state, a unit has a 3/4 assault and fire value. It costs 1/2 of the movement allowance of the unit to recall Patrols. This is done automatically when the unit moves.

Commandos and Impassible Hexsides

Certain hexsides in the game such as Cliffs are normally impassible to most units. This is shown in the Parameter Data Movement Costs as a cost of –1 MP. However, for Commando units it is possible to cross any hexside, even those that are normally impassible, at a movement cost equal to the full movement allowance of the unit. This allows Commando units to move across and assault attack across hexsides such as Cliffs.

Naval Movement

Normally Naval units can move from Water hex to Water hex up to the limits of their movement allowance. However, there are two restrictions on such movement:

  • Naval units cannot move adjacent to ground hexes. This represents the fact that the water in such cases is not deep enough for the movement.
  • Naval units cannot cross hexside features in the water such as Dikes. These represent jetties in the water for harbors and other man-made features.

Zone-of-Control Movement Rules

When a unit attempts to move from one enemy ZOC to another enemy ZOC, then special movement rules apply. These rules are based on three possible cases involving the Locking ZOC Optional Rule (see Optional Rules Dialog ) and the ZOC Movement Multiplier Parameter Data value (see Parameter Data Dialog ).

  • Case 1: Locking ZOC Optional Rule is ON. Movement is not allowed.
  • Case 2: Locking ZOC Optional Rule is OFF and ZOC Movement Multiplier is zero. Movement is allowed only when hex being moved into is already occupied by friendly unit. The movement cost is the entire movement allowance of the moving unit.
  • Case 3: Locking ZOC Optional Rule is OFF and ZOC Movement Multiplier is non-zero. Movement is allowed. Normal movement cost is multiplied by the ZOC Movement Multiplier to determine the movement cost that applies.

Dust Spotting

There are parameter data values for each side associated with the Dust Spotting rule. These values must be nonzero before Dust Spotting can occur in a scenario. Dust Spotting allows units that have moved outside of the normal visibility limits to be spotted as Unknown units based on a certain probability. Dust Spotting can only occur during Day turns (this includes Dusk and Dawn turns) and only during turns where the Conditions are Normal.

Anti-Tank Ditches

Depending on the scenario, there may be Anti-Tank Ditches deployed on the map. These have the same affect on movement as Canals do and are thus impassible to any unit that cannot cross a Canal. However, Anti-Tank Ditches may be bridged and destroyed by Engineer units as described in the section on Engineers.

Vehicle Breakdown

Depending on the value of the Vehicle Breakdown Parameter Data, it is possible that a unit consisting of vehicles will lose strength as it moves. The probability of this happening depends not only on the parameter data value, but also the quality of the unit and the movement cost associated with the move. However, a unit with a single vehicle is never eliminated by this process.

Given a movement cost of C for a given unit with V vehicles, a parameter data Breakdown value of B, and a quality modifier of Q, the probability that the movement will result in a strength loss of 1 vehicle is given by:

Probability = V * C * B / (40000 * Q)

Note that this probability is scaled so that when B = 1, then a 100 vehicle unit of C Quality will on average suffer a 1 vehicle loss when moving 100 hexes via primary road. The Quality Modifier is given by:

  • A Quality => Modifier = 1.2
  • B Quality => Modifier = 1.1
  • C Quality => Modifier = 1
  • D Quality => Modifier = 0.8
  • E Quality => Modifier = 0.6
  • F Quality => Modifier = 0.4

When a unit is flagged as being Low Reliability in the Order of Battle, then the probability of having a breakdown is 3 times the normal probability.

On Foot Infantry

It is possible for motorized and mechanized infantry units to be classified as "On Foot". This means that these units have left behind their transportation and are advancing on foot. While in this state, the units move as though they were normal foot infantry. At the beginning of the player turn when the units are stacked with their HQ unit, this state is removed and the units return to normal status.

Special AT Gun Egress

Towed AT Guns are a defensive weapon and must be able to withdraw in the face of an enemy attack to be useful. Given default rules, many times a towed AT Gun unit which changes to Travel Mode to withdraw will be fired upon by enemy Opportunity Fire and this can often result in Disruption, preventing the unit from withdrawing. As a result there is a special rule that says that a towed AT gun unit which changes to Travel Mode without having expended any movement points prior to that change will not trigger Opportunity Fire. Note: this rule does not apply to pre-World War II games and is different when applied to post-World War II games.

Color Coding

Movement values displayed in the Unit List are color coded according to the remaining movement points compared with the total movement allocation:

  • White – Full movement allocation remains. No movement points have been used.
  • Green – At least 2/3 movement allocation remains but not full allocation.
  • Yellow – At least 1/3 movement allocation remains, but less than 2/3.
  • Red – Less than 1/3 movement allocation remains.


An objective hex contains a numerical oval, colored according to the side owning it. Initial ownership of an objective hex is set at a scenario's start.

An objective hex is worth Victory Points equal to its number. To capture an objective hex, move a unit onto it. Its color will change and its Victory Points will accrue to the capturing side. Once captured an objective hex may be left vacant and is subject to recapture an endless number of times during a scenario but only the side owning it at a scenario's end will receive its benefit.

An objective hex worth "0" (or "?" for the enemy with Fog of War active) at a scenario's start, is an Exit Objective. This objective earns Victory Points for its side whenever a friendly unit is removed from the map at its hex. Exit Objectives are found at a map's edge. To exit a unit, move it onto an Exit Objective and with it selected use the menu options Command and Remove From Map. The unit will permanently exit the game and the value of the Exit Objective will increase. Exit Objectives never change ownership but the presence of the enemy will deny its use.